Men suffering from low testosterone levels can easily and effectively manage this condition by taking oral testosterone tablets or capsules. Symptoms of low testosterone include decreased libido, poor erections, low sperm count and increased breast size. Some men will even experience hot flashes, low mood, depression, and inability to concentrate or retain new information. Low testosterone is associated with loss of body hair, muscle mass and bone minerals. The testes also typically become smaller and softer.
Beside being a part of the normal aging process, low testosterone levels may be caused by accidents, inflammation or cancer of the testes, certain drugs, or diseases affecting the hypothalamus and pituitary gland because both structures play a key role in the manufacture of testosterone in the body.
The oral form of testosterone replacement contains this hormone in the form of testosterone undecanoate, which is a fatty acid ester of the natural androgen, testosterone. It is active and well absorbed in the body after being metabolized in the liver. Not only are testosterone levels optimized, but also the active metabolites of it.
The benefits of restoring healthy testosterone levels are numerous. Testosterone replacement will improve the sex drive and pleasure, correct erectile dysfunctions, decrease body fat, especially around the waistline while increasing muscle volume and contour. It can also prevent osteoporosis caused by bone loss related to low testosterone. Mood and concentration improve and due to its anti-aging effects, testosterone will give the patient a youthful look.
The daily dosage is tailored based on each individuals needs, but generally speaking it is given as an initial daily dose of 120 to 160 mg for up to 3 weeks, followed by maintenance therapy with doses ranging from 40 to 120 mg daily. Oral testosterone should always should be stored at cool temperatures and keep the bottle away from children.
Testosterone tablets should be taken after meals, swallowed without chewing and with very little water intake. For best results, half of the dose should be taken in the morning and the other half in the evening. If an uneven number of capsules is to be taken, the larger dose should be taken in the morning.
Possible side effects of testosterone tablets include long lasting but painful erections (a condition called priapism), modifications of sperm count and ejaculatory volume, as well as water and salt retention (leading to swelling of the legs called edema). Testosterone tablets should not be used in prepubertal boys because it may cause precocious sexual development, and increased frequency of erections and penis enlargement.
Testosterone tablets are contraindicated in cases of known or suspected cancer of the prostate or breast, liver impairment or high blood levels of calcium. In case of liver dysfunction, a different testosterone therapy should be used such as patches, gels, creams or injections. Relative contraindications include benign prostate enlargement, sleep apnea, heart failure or a blood condition called erythrocytosis. The treatment with testosterone should be followed for no more than one year at a time, since the long term safety of this therapy is not sufficiently researched.